Dyslexia is a learning disability that alters the way the brain processes written material and is typically characterised by difficulties in word recognition, spelling and decoding. People with dyslexia have problems with reading comprehension.
So how can you tell if a child is dyslexic? There are some obvious signs, if you know what to look for, but not all children have the same cluster of abilities or difficulties. Teachers and parents need to look out for the following areas of weakness which will appear alongside abilities, which may be in areas of creativity or in highly developed verbal skills:
*Speed of processing: spoken and /or written language is slow
*Difficulty following instructions
*Forgetful of words
*Poor standard of written work compared with oral ability
*Persistent confusion by letters which look similar
*Poor handwriting with many ‘reversals’ and badly formed letters
*Spell a word several different ways in one piece of writing
*Uses unusual sequencing of letters or words
*Poor reading progress, especially using look and say method
*Finds it difficult to blend letters together
*Pronunciation of words unusual
*Misses out words when reading or adds extra words
*Fails to recognise familiar words
For individuals with dyslexia prognosis varies enormously. Dyslexia affects a wide range of people, producing different symptoms and varying degrees of severity, that predicting outcomes can be difficult. Outcomes tend to be better for people who are diagnosed early and receive effective support from professionals and family members. Psychologists and teaching experts emphasize that helping the child maintain good self-esteem and self-image is vital.
Famous people with dyslexia
*Richard Bronson—Businessman & founder of Virgin Group
*Steve Jobs—co-founder of Apple Inc.
*Alexander Graham Bell—Inventor of the telephone
As caregivers, it is important to be familiar with these conditions to aid better understanding and management.